The period of Mughal occupation has come to be known as the Renaissance age of India, and it led to the construction of some of the most magnificent freestanding monumental sacred buildings in the country. During this time, principles of geometry, proportion and scale were the guiding elements of sacred Indian architecture.
The Making of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal was the only Mughal mausoleum that was built by a ruler for his own purposes during his own lifetime. This may be one of the reasons that the sheer scale, delicacy of materials and overall harmonic aesthetics are more striking in this structure than any other Mughal mausoleum. Mughal architecture is said to have entered its classical phase under the rule of Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal to honor his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The intentional use of design principles in sacred buildings demonstrates the desire to express the complex relationship between the human and the divine through architecture.
The overall site plan of the Taj Mahal is more complex than any of its precedents. To elucidate why Taj became the most refined building in the history of tomb designs in India, we are examining the various components used to create tombs and and studying their alteration to perfection. The components we investigate include:
- The use of charbagh (the garden that reflects paradise)
- The complex use of the Nine-fold, Hasht-Bihisht plan
- Hierarchy of materials used
- The careful planning of building approach at Taj
- Proportion and geometry
- The use of perfect proportions