Digital Historical Architectural Research and Material Analysis (D.H.A.R.M.A) is a research team founded in 2007 based at the University of Notre Dame School of Architecture. The team, under the direction of Prof. Dr. Ing. Krupali Krusche, started by working on documenting historic monuments and World Heritage Sites around the world with a balanced use of state-of-the-art digital technologies, such as Leica 3D laser scanners and optimized point cloud visualization, and time-revered traditional representational techniques such as watercolor rendering. Through its growth, the team has been dedicated to investigate and document historic buildings and reconstruction processes with expertise as architectural designers and historians. Collaborating with computer scientists, DHARMA is pursuing an integration of the digital and the traditional to imbue the advances in technologies to see, survey, and serve design and development of future cities of resilience, culture, and diversity. 

      Our projects                



    Our Mission    


Uncover historic and religious principles of measuring, designing and building sacred structures.

Explore sustainable ways of building and traditional techniques that can benefit the needs of today's architectural profession.

Apply innovative technology to study climate change and pollution on World Heritage Monuments and historical cities.

Analyze structural stability of various scales of buildings through the use of 3D models and visualization.

Promote diversity in documentation and interpretation of architecture.



 3D Documentation of World Heritage Sites Conference 

Team members at the Cortile del Belvedere in 2016